Date Created

2006

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) are the most common mammals in North America and are reservoirs for several zoonotic agents, including Sin Nombre virus (SNV), the principal etiologic agent of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) in North America. Unlike human HCPS patients, SNV-infected deer mice show no overt pathological symptoms, despite the presence of virus in the lungs. A neutralizing IgG antibody response occurs, but the virus establishes a persistent infection. Limitations of detailed analysis of deer mouse immune responses to SNV are the lack of reagents and methods for evaluating such responses.

RESULTS: We developed real-time PCR-based detection assays for several immune-related transcription factor and cytokine genes from deer mice that permit the profiling of CD4+ helper T cells, including markers of Th1 cells (T-bet, STAT4, IFNgamma, TNF, LT), Th2 cells (GATA-3, STAT6, IL-4, IL-5) and regulatory T cells (Fox-p3, IL-10, TGFbeta1). These assays compare the expression of in vitro antigen-stimulated and unstimulated T cells from individual deer mice.

CONCLUSION: We developed molecular methods for profiling immune gene expression in deer mice, including a multiplexed real-time PCR assay for assessing expression of several cytokine and transcription factor genes. These assays should be useful for characterizing the immune responses of experimentally- and naturally-infected deer mice.

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

BMC Immunology

ISSN

1471-2172

Volume

7

First Page

18

DOI

10.1186/1471-2172-7-1

Keywords

Gene expression profiling; Peromyscus; T-Lymphocyte subsets; Th1 cells; Th2 cells

Place of Publication

United Kingdom

Rights Statement

Copyright is held by the author.

Extent

8 pages

Digital Origin

Born digital

Language

English

Publisher

BioMed Central

Included in

Biology Commons

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