First Advisor

Stellino, Megan B.

Degree Name

Master of Science

Document Type


Date Created



Opportunities in youth sport are impacted by many socialization factors. In order to keepfemales engaged in sport, the study of additional factors that predict girls sport socialization is important. This study investigated the relationships among mothers’ physical self-perceptions, self-regulation of exercise, body image discrepancies (BID) and sport/activity socialization for their daughters. One hundred and four mothers (M= 44.932, SD= 5.8078) completed self-report questionnaires that assessed their physical self-perceptions, exercise self-regulation, body image discrepancy and support for their daughters’ participation in 20 different sports and physical activities. Results indicated that no significant correlations between the physical self-perception competence and most importance subscales of the PSPP and sport specific socialization support. A positive significant correlation was found between the body attractiveness importance subscale and socialization support for cross country. Significant positive correlations were found between mothers exercise regulation and sport specific socialization support for seven different sports; gymnastics, karate, cross country, lacrosse, figure skating, field/ice hockey, ski/snowboarding. No significant correlations were found between body image discrepancy and sport specific socialization support. While very few significant findings were discovered, this suggests that mothers are highly supportive of their daughters sport interests, and are able to ignore their own body insecurities to provide and encourage these opportunities.

Abstract Format



Sport body emphasis; Sport socialization; Physical self-perceptions; Exercise self-regulation; Body mass index


106 pages

Local Identifiers


Rights Statement

Copyright is held by author.