The Rights of the Learner state that children have four rights they can exercise in the classroom: 1) the right to be confused; 2) the right to claim a mistake; 3) the right to speak, listen, and be heard; and 4) the right to write, do and represent what makes sense to you. In this paper, the author discusses how she uses a video clip of Gretchen solving a multi-digit subtraction problem as a way of helping elementary teacher candidates learn how to attend to children’s mathematical thinking and moments when they exercise their rights as learners. Implications for equity in mathematics classrooms is discussed.



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