Advisor

Landry, Dana

Committee Member

Casey, Brian

Committee Member

Yamprai, Jittapim

Committee Member

Zia, Ather

Department

Music Performance

Institution

University of Northern Colorado

Type of Resources

Text

Place of Publication

Greeley (Colo.)

Publisher

University of Northern Colorado

Date Created

12-2021

Extent

171 pages

Digital Origin

Born digital

Abstract

This study primarily describes the Haitian méringue from a historical analysis and a collective musical analysis of digital editions published from 2016 to 2020 that include previously unavailable piano compositions from Haiti’s first composers. Secondarily, this study clarifies the performance practice of innovative rhythmic notations from Haiti and Puerto Rico to indicate a relaxed syncopation of the tresillo-based five-beat syncopated rhythm. The history of the development of the méringue involves the creolization of mainly European and African dances. Comparison with compositions of origin dances reveals common structures between them. The European salon style inspired these Haitian compositions that resemble Romantic Period salon music for listening entertainment away from the dance floor. The setting of the innovative rhythmic notations in these works questions the performance practice of an elastic execution in supporting rhythms, as opposed to the common paradigm of only a flexible melody, and whether these two elements of background and foreground should have an independent treatment to preserve cross-rhythms and the original style with African-derived drum ensembles.

Degree type

DA

Degree Name

Doctoral

Rights Statement

Copyright is held by the author.

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